Types of Surface Finishes

Types of Surface Finishes:

Job site finished Select White Oak with an oil based urethaneConversion varnish dries clear to slight amber and is durable. These finishes have an extremely strong odor and should be applied by the highly skilled flooring professional.

Moisture-cured urethane is solvent-base polyurethane that is more durable and more moisture resistant than other surface finishes. Moisture-cure urethane comes in non-yellowing and in ambering types and is generally available in satin or gloss. These finishes are extremely difficult to apply, have a strong odor and are best left to the professional.

Oil-modified urethane is easy to apply. It is a solvent-base polyurethane that dries in about eight hours. This type of finish ambers.

Penetrating Stain and Wax- This finish soaks into the pores of the wood and hardens to form a protective penetrating seal. The wax gives a low-gloss satin sheen. It is generally maintained with solvent-based (never water-based) waxes, buffing pastes or cleaning liquids (specifically made for wax-finished wood floors and an additional thin application of wax as needed.

Water-based urethane finishes are clear and non-yellowing. They have a milder odor and dry in about two to three hours.

Troubleshooting Finishes
Recoating Hardwood Floors

Comparing Finishes

Water-base Urethane Oil-modified Urethane Swedish Conversion Varnish Moisture-cure Urethane Seal & Wax or Oil finish
Durability very good Durability very good Durability Excellent Durability Excellent Durability very good
Mild Odor Moderate Odor Strong Odor Strong Odor Mild Odor
Clear in color Amber in color Clear to slight amber Clear to amber Amber in color
Easy to recoat Easy to recoat Recoatable Recoatable Renewable by customer
Fast drying Slow drying Fast drying dries quickly with humidity Dry time varies
Non flammable Combustible Combustible Flammable Combustible
Commonly available Can water spot


HARDWOOD FLOOR FINISH PROPERTIES

Installing Wood Floors

Installing Wood Floors

Step by step procedures, layout, design, specialty installation, handling, storage of material & proper nail sequence

Custom Wood Floors:

Installing Wood Floors

Step by step procedures, layout, design, specialty installation, handling, storage of material & proper nail sequence

Painted Wood Floors

Installing Wood Floors

Custom 1-of-a-kind, faux finishes painted onto wood floors, faux marble, brass inlays, exotic wood floor species, and painted oriental carpets

Finishing Wood Floors

Finishing Wood Floors

Step by step how to refinish old & new wood floors, types of finishes, application techniques, do's & don'ts

Exotic Wood Floors

Exotic Wood Floors

Imported exotic wood floors with more than 90 species, hardness, color samples

Plank Wood Floors

Plank Wood Floors

An old American tradition, wide plank wood floors of many species from 3" - 10" planks

Prefinished Wood Floors

Installing Wood Floors

gives you an insight of this factory finished product vs unfinished hardwood flooring, room setting photo gallery

Bamboo Floors

Installing Wood Floors

This wood floor product that can be laid on any proper subfloor including concrete. Prefinished or unfinished.

Engineered Wood Floors

This wood floor product that can be laid on any proper subfloor including concrete. Prefinished or unfinished.

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Hardwood Floors
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Accents

Borders

Choosing a Wood Floor Contractor

Domestic Species

Exotic Imported Species

FAQ when Buying

Finishing Wood Floors

Hardwood Floors
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History of Wood Floors

Imported Hardwoods- Exotics

Inlays- Feature Strip

Installing Wood Floors

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Maintenance

Medallions

Hardwood Floors
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Moldings, Trim, Stairs

Pricing

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Recoating Wood Floors

Specialty Products

Styles/Types of Hardwood Floors

Problems & Cures
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Crowning - Cupping

Flooded Hardwood Floors

Gaps: Abnormal & Normal

Grading Problem

Greenhouse Effect

Insects in Hardwood Floors

Picture Framing ("Halo")

Radiant Heat Under Hardwood Floors

Problems & Cures
Online Directory

Shellout/Dishing

Slivers/Splinters

Squeaky - Loose Floors ("Popping")

Sticker Stain

Types of Finishes

Wood Cuts & Grades

Wood & Water

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